Mysore has emerged as the second best city in terms of sanitation in the National Rating Exercise, announced S Jaipal Reddy, Urban Development Minister.

Chandigarh has been given the number one spot. Surat stands third while NDMC area of New Delhi is in the fourth position.

"The purpose of this exercise is to recognise better performers as well as to encourage other cities to perform better. The idea behind the exercise is to galvanise action in states and cities towards better sanitation," Reddy said.

Terming it as a "timely initiative", Reddy hoped that all stakeholders will join hands in the endeavour of creating totally sanitised cities. Policy rating of 423 cities which covers 72 per cent of the urban population was undertaken.

India has no city that it can rate as a green city. The report shows that more than half of the cities are not in liveable condition. The survey covered 423 cities and were rated according to the 19 sanitation parameters that include sewage, waste and water management.

The country was divided into five zones for the purpose. Officials said the cities were classified into four colour categories of red, black, blue and green.

About 190 cities are on the brink of an environmental emergency. Most of them are from Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Bihar. A whopping 229 cities are listed black and need considerable improvement. The highest number of such cities are in West Bengal, followed by Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh.

"The rating of cities creates a baseline which can be used to measure progress in respect of sanitation in our cities and is expected to encourage cities to perform better in years to come," a senior official said.

However, four cities - Chandigarh, Mysore, Surat and NDMC area in New Delhi - were in the Blue category.

Reddy said he will be writing to all the chief ministers of the states to prioritise sanitation. "I hope the ratings today will indeed mobilise all stakeholders to prioritise and take action for improving sanitation," the minister added.

Only 24 Indian cities manage to collect 80 per cent of their solid waste while six collect 100 per cent. About 17 cities throughout the country have reached the 60 per cent mark when it comes to treatment of waste. Most tourist locations like Srinagar, Amritsar, Shimla and Udaipur have worst sanitation standards.

Courtesy : Star Of Mysore